Biblical Astronomy


August 2003


Editor – Robert Scott Wadsworth <> P.O. Box 2272, Oregon City, OR 97045

Phone (503) 655-7430 <> e-mail – <> Website –





Nehemia Gordon from Jerusalem, Israel compiled the following New Moon Report for the Fifth month on the Hebrew calendar, the month of Av.


“On Wednesday July 30, 2003 the New Moon was sighted by observers across Israel.  The moon was sighted from Jerusalem by Nehemia Gordon and Devorah Gordon at 19:43, by Kadishiel Ben Rockameen at 19:48, and by Melekh ben Yaaqov, Yehuda H. Cohane, and Helayay Cohane at 19:52.  The moon was also sighted from Beit Ezra (near Ashdod) by Magdi Shamuel at 19:40, and from Arad by Isaac Sergani at 1948.


This month we were joined by a delegation of “KOY” members from Dimona led by Yehuda H. Cohane who expressed a desire to share information about New Moon sightings.  We look forward to a productive cooperation.”


The next New Moon is expected to be visible from Jerusalem around sunset on August 28.  This will be somewhat borderline, so we will have to wait to see what the New Moon Report will be for that date.  That will begin the 6th month of the Hebrew calendar, the month of Elul.





It is that time of the year again for the popular summer astronomical treat, the Perseid Meteor Shower.  This is the most popular of meteor showers because of the usually warm summer nights that it occurs.  Most rather be looking into the heavens on a warm evening than a cold evening in November when the Leonid Meteor Shower occurs.


The Perseids occur from early to late August with its peak usually on August 12.  This year the peak of the shower will be on August 13, at 1:00 am Eastern Daylight Time.  At its peak, observers can see 60 or more meteors per hour in dark skies.  This year, however, there will be the full moon to contend with during the peak days, which will block out the fainter meteors.  The best time to observe the shower is usually between 1 am and 5 am local Daylight savings time.


Below is a chart from Sky & Telescope that shows the radiant of the shower (where the meteors appear to come from) above the head of Perseus.  The radiant is above the blade of the sword that Perseus is holding above his head (see a picture of this in the August 2002 newsletter.  It is as sparks flying off the sword. 



The Hebrew name for this constellation is Peretz, which means, the Breaker.  This ties in with Micah 2:12, 13 –


I will surely assemble, O Jacob, all of thee; I will surely gather the remnant of Israel; I will put them together as the sheep of Bozrah, as the flock in the midst of their fold: they shall make great noise by reason of the multitude of men.  THE BREAKER (parats) is come up before them: they have broken up, and have passed through the gate and are gone out by it: and their king shall pass before them and the LORD on the head of them. (KJV)


Peretz portrays Messiah rescuing His bride (Andromeda or Sirra in the Heb. which means the chained) from the beast from the sea (Cetus).   And the sparks will fly.





Starting around August 21, the Sun, Jupiter and Venus will be closing in on a rendezvous with the star Regulus in the constellation Leo (Arieh, the lion).  Continuing on through August 26, there will be various massings and conjunctions of the above- mentioned heavenly bodies.


Chart 324 below shows the close grouping of the above-mentioned bodies for August 22, 2003.  The planet Jupiter is the large dot above the sun, and the star Regulus is the smaller dot below Venus.  The bodies are too close together here to show the labels of all.



                         Chart 324 – Massing of the Sun, Jupiter, Venus and Regulus on August 22, 2003


Chart 325 below shows a zoomed in view of this grouping.  Of course this grouping and other events to shortly follow will not be visible to the naked eye due to their closeness to the sun, but nonetheless, this is a very unique massing of these particular heavenly bodies.


Chart 325 – Zoomed in view of massing of the Sun, Jupiter, Venus and Regulus on 8/27/03


Before getting into the events, I will give a review of the Biblical meanings of the constellation Leo (Arieh), the star Regulus, the planets Jupiter and Venus, and the Sun.


The constellation Leo (Arieh, the lion) represents not only Messiah crushing the enemy, but also the Tribe of Judah and the House of Judah.


The star Regulus in the constellation Leo (Arieh) is the brightest star in that constellation and the chief or king star (the king star of Yehudah).   All ancient civilizations recognized Regulus as the king star, the one and only king star in the zodiac.  Regulus means kingly in Latin.  The Arabic word regel means foot and is identical in meaning to the Aramaic word regla and the Hebrew word regel.  Thus the brightest star in the constellation of Arieh, has the Biblical connotation of the foot, tying in with the "from between his feet," of Genesis 49:10 ("the sceptre shall not depart from Judah, nor a lawgiver from between his feet, until Shiloh come; and unto him shall the gathering of the people be") represented by the king star, Regulus. 


The planet Jupiter or Tzedeq in Hebrew is the chief or king planet of all the planets.  Its Hebrew name Tzedeq is the root of Melchizedek.  Jupiter has long been recognized as a messianic star and associated with the Messiah.  Tzedeq means righteousness.  The Messiah who would come from David's genetic line was to be the righteous Branch, according to Jeremiah 23:5, who would reign as a king and execute righteousness.  His name would be called the Lord our Righteousness (Jer. 23 5, 6 and Jer 33:15, 16).  Thus Jupiter has characteristics that would associate it with the Messiah.  Yahshua is made an high priest for ever after the order of Melchisedec (Heb. 6:20). 


Venus is the bright and morning star.  This is also associated with Yahshua HaMashiach, "the bright and morning star" in Rev. 22:16. 


The Sun represents the going forth of the bridegroom (Psalm 19:5, 6)


Celestial Events


August 17 – Sun and Venus in conjunction.

August 21 – Jupiter and Venus in conjunction.

August 22 – Venus and Regulus in conjunction.

                     Sun and Jupiter in conjunction.

August 23 – Sun and Regulus in conjunction.

August 26 – Jupiter and Regulus in conjunction.


August 27 – Mars at its closest approach to Earth in the last 59,000 plus years.

August 28 – Mars at opposition.

                     Sighting of New Moon (Elul 1 begins).


Chart 326 below shows the position of the New Moon in Arieh in the early evening of August 28 (the beginning of Elul 1) as viewed from Jerusalem. 


Chart 326 – Position of the New Moon in Arieh (the Lion) shortly after sunset as seen from Jerusalem on August 28, 2003


It was during Messiah's first appearance on Earth that there was much activity in the constellation Arieh involving Jupiter, Venus, Mars, Mercury (Gabriel), and Regulus between the summer of 3 BC and the summer of 2 BC, finalizing with a massing of all four of the above mentioned planets on August 27, 2 BC.  If the activity in late August of this year is a sign of the "imminent" reappearing of Messiah, we will soon know.  There will not be any "above the ordinary" signs after these that I can determine until the year 2040, unless there are unknown comets that are on the way in that will be large and very bright or a super-nova (these are possibilities). 




As mentioned in former newsletters, Mars will be closer to the earth and brighter to the naked eye than at any other time in human history on August 27, 2003.  Mars will reach its closest approach to the earth, 34,646,418 miles, at 5:51 a.m. Eastern Daylight Time.  The best time for viewing Mars for those in the continental United States will be around 1:30 a.m. Local Daylight Savings Time and through the early morning of August 27.   The west coast will get to view Mars when it is at its closest approach at 2:51 a.m. Pacific Daylight Time.  Mars reaches its zenith (highest point in the sky) around 1:20 a.m., the better time to view it, as it is high in a dark sky and due south.  Since it is near the New Moon, the sky will be very dark and Mars will be the brightest object in the heavens.


Mars has certain cycles of close approaches (for Mars, 35 million miles is a close approach) in which it appears large in the sky and very bright.  Such was the case in 729 BC and again in 586 BC.


On June 27, 729 BC, Mars shined at a magnitude –2.84 as compared to a magnitude –2.88 that it will reach on August 27, 2003.  It was seven years later that the ten northern tribes, the House of Israel (or Ephrayim), were taken captive by the Assyrians.  On August 2, 586 BC Mars shined at a magnitude –2.78.  It was at that time that the House of Judah (Yehudah) was taken captive into Babylon.   It doesn't mean that anything will happen such as in the case of the captivities, but this is something to be aware of and to be at an alert stage.


Chart 327, below, shows the position of Mars in the constellation Aquarius (Deli) in the upper thigh of the right leg, at its closest approach on August 27, 2003.  Mars was also in Aquarius during its closest approach in 586 BC.  The picture below Chart 327 shows the position of Mars in Aquarius on August 2, 586 BC.


Chart 327 – The position of Mars in Aquarius during its closest approach to the earth on 8/27/03





                                              Mars in Aquarius on August 2, 586 BC


The theme of the constellation Aquarius is the living waters of blessing poured forth for the redeemed.  Yehudah may have thought twice at that particular theme during that time.  It may have been a sign to them to give them hope at and during their captivity in Yahuweh’s promises that would bring them out of captivity at some future date and poor forth His blessings upon them once more.  These blessings were poured forth during and shortly after Messiah’s first appearance to both Houses, as many as believed that Yahshua is the son of Elohim and the promised Messiah.  The living waters of blessing will again be poured forth at the time that all things are restored.  Is this a sign that it is now the season for this to occur?


Ancient Names for Mars


Hebrew  Adom - red, bloodshedding

               Madim – made like blood, Arab. sense


Arabic     Melekh, as Melokh


Persian    Azarblood flowing, Arab. sense


Coptic     Melokhbroken, bruised


Egypt.      Khonswounded


Sanscr.    Angareka - wounded

                Mangala - wounded   


Greek      Piroisbruising or

                Puroeoisfire color

                Ares – as Mars


Latin        Marsbruised, or breaker


Mars reaches opposition on August 28, which will be the beginning of Elul 1 at sunset, and, the beginning of the 40 days of repentance to Yom Kippur.  Mars will slowly fade to a magnitude of    –1.87 on The Day of Atonement, but this is still bright, though about 2.5 times less bright than the evening/early morning of August 27.  Though it is less bright, it will appear a deeper red color.


Mars represents Michael the warrior angel, who wars against Satan (the dragon and serpent).  This red planet also represents blood and war. 


The Hebrew name of Mars is Adon, which here means red, blood shedding and represents the blood of atonement that was shed by Messiah.  This coming forty-day season of repentance, which ends on The Day of Atonement, is marked with this great sign.


It will definitely do no harm during this season of repentance for individuals and assemblies to seek Yahuweh’s heart through His son Yahshua and to search ones own heart and way of life to see if it aligns with Yahuweh’s way and good pleasure.  And to turn away from those things that are not of Yahuweh Elohim, and turn toward, face, and grasp a hold of His way though His living word, Yahshua, our commander and chief.  Speaking for myself, I feel a need to do this at this time.  Though others may not have that need.




And that is not a knock- knock joke.  One knock is from the Father and the other from the Son.  Open your door and let them come into your heart and sup with you.


It was ten years ago almost to the day that I  started this particular journey in Biblical Astronomy, though I have been a student of this subject since 1976.  It was then (1993) that I became aware of great signs that were to take place between 1996 and 2003.  Even though at that time I was not aware of the two bright comets (Hyakutake and Hale-Bopp) on their way in, I was real excited, because of the other rare events with most of them occurring on Biblical feast days, and occurring in constellations pertaining to Messiah’s return.  Now I am looking from almost the other side with most of those signs now far behind us instead of ahead of us, and with only one more left to go (two counting the massing in Arieh). 


In 1993, I really didn’t think that all of these signs would come and go without Messiah’s return.  I believed at that time that the tribulation would begin in 1996 as it was so plainly marked out in the heavens, and that the end of that tribulation would occur either in the spring of 2000 or the autumn of 2003.   After thousands of hours of research, I know for certain that these were and are the greatest signs ever to occur marking the Return of Messiah.  In the last 6,000 years and for at least 5,000 years to come, there was and will not be an array of such fine signs as we were witness to over these past 7 years (saving when the sun turns black and the moon blood red after the tribulation of those days).   There will be one great sign that stands all on its own on Tishri 1, 2040.  I will get into this more when, or, if we get past this autumn without major events unfolding on Earth. 


Could it be that Yahuweh Elohim has shown us these great signs over the last 7 years to get us prepared, and after the final sign, the actual seven-year tribulation will begin?  I do not know.  I do know these are His signs (That’s a fact Jack).  He will do things all in His good time.  Yahuweh Elohim is not in a hurry to let the tribulation begin, but has great patience for He wishes all to be saved.  However, that time will come.  It is up to Him when.  We hope in the Return of Messiah when we can see Him face to face.  Though we should not hope for the Tribulation and the wrath to follow, for that will be a dark day indeed.  This planet needs our prayers, whether we are weeks away from the Tribulation unfolding, or 37 years.


To those who have read or subscribed to Biblical Astronomy over the past seven years, and to those who are new to this, thank you for your prayers and support.  You made it available for me to share what I learned with many others.  It would have been a shame to have kept all of this to myself.  I have no regrets, and would do it all again the same way. 


Yahuweh Elohim richly bless you and your families in His super-abundance of grace, mercy and love through His son Yahushua HaMashiach.


Yahuweh Elohim watch over you.