Biblical Astronomy

August 2005


Editor – Robert Scott Wadsworth <> P.O. Box 2272, Oregon City, OR 97045

Phone (503) 655-7430 <> e-mail – <> Website –





Devorah Gordon from Jerusalem, Israel compiled the following New Moon Report for the month of August and the beginning of the Sixth Biblical Month.


“On Saturday August 6, 2005 the New Moon was sighted from Israel.  The new moon was sighted by Carmen and Terry Fehr, Dina and Avi Marcus, and Steve Berkowitz at 19:51 from Jerusalem and by Devorah Gordon and Ferenc Illesy at 19:57 also from Jerusalem.”


The next new moon is expected to be visible from Jerusalem near sunset on September 5, 2005 and will begin the Seventh Biblical Month, Ethanim (Tishri).  That day is what many call The Day of Trumpets.  It is also known as Yom Teruah - Day of Shouting and Yom Zichron - a Day of Memorial for blowing of trumpets or shouting (Lev. 23:24).  It is also called Rosh Hashannah, the first day of the first month of the New Year, but it is not actually the first day of the first month on the Biblical Calendar, for that day is Abib 1, which occurs six months earlier. However, Ethanim 1 is the first day of the first month on the Hebrew Civil Calendar.


The September 2005 issue of Biblical Astronomy will be published after the new moon sighting in early September.  There is a very slight possibility that the first crescent of the new moon will be sighted with the naked eye on September 4, 2005, but that will be a near impossibility.       


There are not any unusual or rare celestial events to speak of this August, except for perhaps the annual Perseids meteor shower.   The peak of this annual meteor shower is always on August 12.  There was no spectacular show this year, such as in 1999.  This year’s peak meteor rate was about average, but it had an unusually high proportion of especially bright meteors.  Sparks were flying from the sword of Peretz (Perseus).





The planets Zedek (Jupiter) and Nogah (Venus) will come into conjunction in the constellation Bethulah (Virgo) on September 2, 2005. 


Chart 399 shows the positions of the planets Zedek and Nogah in Bethulah at the time of conjunction and as seen from Jerusalem in the early evening of September 2.   Zedek can either represent YHVH or His son Y’shua Messiah.  Nogah (the Bright and Morning Star) can either represent Y’shua or “the Bride.”  It depends on the theme that the celestial event is portraying at the time.  At times it is clearly evident which representation is being portrayed, and at other times it is not so evident.  So we have either the Father and Son or Y’shua and his bride being portrayed here.  It is even possible that all four possibilities can be represented at the same time.


Chart 399 – Zedek and Nogah in conjunction as seen from Jerusalem on September 2, 2005



Zedek is in Bethulah for a little over a year every 12 years.  During its one year stay in this constellation, Zedek comes into conjunction with Nogah at least once, and sometimes up to four times (if Nogah goes into retrograde motion while near Zedek during one of its passes).  Nogah passes through Bethulah every year.


The main theme of Bethulah is the promised Seed of the woman from Genesis 3:15.  She also represents the woman of Revelation 12 and the faithful of the Twelve Tribes of Israel.  This constellation also has much significance in its position in the early evening sky for the Spring and Fall Feasts (see the Sept/Oct 2004 issue of Biblical Astronomy).




Nogah will come into conjunction with the star Tsemech (Spica) in the constellation Bethulah on September 5, 2005 (Day of Trumpets).


Tsemech means The Branch and is used exclusively as representing Messiah all five times it is used in the Scriptures (Jer. 23:5, 23:15; Zech. 3:8, 6:12; Isa 4:2). 


Chart 400 shows the positions of Nogah at the time of its conjunction with Tsemech (Spica) and the first crescent new moon near the shoulder of Bethulah in the early evening of September 5, 2005 as seen from Jerusalem.


Chart 400 – Nogah (Venus) and Tsemech (Spica) in conjunction on September 5, 2005


This is a unique celestial event given the fact that it occurs with the first crescent of the new moon starting Yom Teruah.  Here we see the conjunction of the Bright and Morning Star (though here in the evening) perhaps representing “the Bride” in this portrayal, and THE BRANCH representing Messiah, with Zedek (YHVH OUR RIGHTEOUSNESS) nearby.




As I watched live coverage of the eviction of Israeli settlers and the dismantling of their settlements in Gaza, I was stirred by their outcry and feelings of abandonment and anguish. Heart- wrenching as that was, it is all in the fulfilling of prophecy. 


Revelation 13 speaks of the ten kingdoms of “the beast” that receive power from the dragon to make war with “the saints” (Israel) for 42 months.  Throughout time there has been much speculation as to who these ten kingdoms are.  The answer to this question can be found in the Scriptures.  As always, the Scriptures interpret themselves. The answer is in Psalm 83, which is a prophetic Psalm that has yet to be fulfilled.  It is written in Psalm 83:1-8 (KJV) -


Keep not thou silence, O God: hold not thy peace, and be not still, O God. For, lo, thine enemies make a tumult: and they that hate thee have taken crafty counsel against thy people, and consulted against thy hidden ones. They have said, Come, and let us cut them off from being a nation; that the name of Israel may be no more in remembrance. For they have consulted together with one consent: they are confederate against thee: The tabernacles of Edom, and the Ishmaelites; of Moab, and the Hagarenes; Gebal, and Ammon, and Amalek; the Philistines with the Inhabitants of Tyre; Assur also is joined with them: ...


The ten kingdoms that I underlined in Psalm 83 are most likely the ten kingdoms over which the ten kings who receive power as kings one hour with the beast (Rev. 17:12) rule. It appears that the stage is being set now that all of Gaza is given into the hands to the Palestinians to become once again a nation of Philistines.


This insight of the ten kingdoms of the beast in Psalm 83 comes from the booklet "Revelation of the Beast" by Colin H. Deal, End Time Ministry.  You can find this booklet at:


End Time Ministry

P.O. Box 455,

Rutherford College, NC  28671

The following list of which areas the above- mentioned kingdoms now represent is taken from "The Revelation of the Beast".




 1 – Edom (southern Jordan)

 2 – Ishmaelites (Persian Gulf Arabs)

 3 – Moab (Central Jordan)

 4 – Hagarenes (Egypt)

 5 – Gebal (northern Lebanon)

 6 – Ammon (northern Jordan)

 7 – Amalak (northern Sinai)

 8 – Philistines (Gaza)

 9 – Tyre (southern Lebanon)

10 – Assur (Syria)


The beast along with the ten kingdoms will be destroyed by Messiah in the great conflict of Revelation 19:11-21.  Then Gaza will return to Eretz Yisrael.  As many of the settlers stated, they or their children or their grandchildren would return to settle Gaza again.




Speaking of ten, on July 29, 2005 there were two news releases concerning recent discoveries of new planets in our solar system.  They are actually more on the order of planetoids than planets, depending on the criteria for the terminology you wish to go by.  And no, neither of these is the Planet X, which was rumored to exist a few years ago.  That fictitious celestial body was said to be a neutron star of extraordinary mass and bigger or about the same size as Jupiter.  Its orbit supposedly brought it close to the earth about every 4,000 years or so to wreak havoc and  massive destruction.  The recently discovered planetoids are a whole different animal, and they really exist.


Another planetoid, Sedna, was discovered last year.   The following is the July 29 article by David Tytell of the news release by Sky & Telescope.

Astronomers discover “10th Planet” -  After 75 years of speculation and false leads, it has finally happened. A team of astronomers using the 48-inch Samuel Oschin Telescope at Palomar Observatory and the 8-meter Gemini North telescope on Mauna Kea, Hawaii, has discovered the largest Kuiper Belt object (KBO) ever.


It is bigger than Pluto, the 9th planet.


The object, designated 2003 UB313, is currently 97 astronomical units (Earth-Sun distances) away — more than twice Pluto's average distance from the Sun. This makes it the farthest object ever seen in the solar system. It is a scattered-disk object, meaning that at some point in its history, an encounter with some massive object moved it into its highly inclined (44°) orbit. It's currently glowing at magnitude 18.9 in the constellation Cetus. Its high inclination is the only reason it wasn't discovered years ago; no one was looking for planets so far from the plane of the solar system.


Discoverers Michael E. Brown (Caltech), Chad Trujillo (Gemini Observatory), and David Rabinowitz (Yale University) first imaged the object on October 21, 2003, but didn't see it move in the sky until they reimaged the same area 15 months later, on January 8, 2005. Working backward from there, the astronomers have found old images of 2003 UB313 in much earlier surveys, allowing them to determine its orbit accurately. The object turns out to be currently near aphelion (its farthest from the Sun) in a very elliptical orbit. It ranges as close as 38 a.u. to the Sun in a 557-year orbit.      


"We tried looking at it with the Spitzer Space Telescope and didn't detect it. So we have an upper limit on the size. It can't be any more than 3,000 kilometers across," says Brown. But the lower limit derived from its brightness — even by assuming its surface is 100 percent reflective — still makes it larger than Pluto, which is 2,250 km (1,400 miles) across.


"It's a big sucker!" says Brown.


Preliminary near-infrared spectra, obtained by team member Chad Trujillo at the 8-meter Gemini North telescope, show methane ice on the object's surface — much like the spectrum of Pluto, which is also dominated by methane ice in the near infrared. Trujillo says in a Gemini press release, "It is clear that [2003 UB313] is very similar to Pluto in both size and composition, at least upon first glance." Pluto is about 30 percent reflective. Methane ice is unusual and suggests a primitive surface that has never been warmed much since the formation of the solar system. "To date," notes Trujillo, "no one has seen methane on any other Kuiper Belt object, only on Pluto and Neptune's moon Triton."


Ambitious CCD imagers with setups capable of seeing to 19th magnitude can shoot for it at right ascension 1h 38.2m, declination –5° 31' (2000.0 coordinates) during the second half of August 2005. Its position in central Cetus is currently well up in the southeastern sky (for observers at midnorthern latitudes) before the first light of dawn.


And a Second Big KBO


If that weren't enough, a second big Kuiper Belt discovery also made news the same day: 2003 EL61. A team of astronomers at the Sierra Nevada Observatory in Spain reported their discovery (details here) to the Minor Planet Center in Cambridge, Massachusetts. It had been spotted by Brown and his team more than a year ago, but, as Brown notes on his website for this object, "There is no question that the Spanish group is rightly credited with discovery. We could have announced the object earlier, but we took a chance that no one else would find it while we were awaiting our observations from the Spitzer Space Telescope. We were wrong!"


Located about 52 a.u. away and now situated in eastern Coma Berenices, 2003 EL61 is about 70 percent of Pluto's diameter.


Moreover, by a great stroke of luck, 2003 EL61 has a tiny satellite revolving around it, at an apparent distance of about 1.5 arcseconds. According to Brown's group, the satellite completes an orbit every 49 days in a nearly circular orbit some 49,500 km (30,760 miles) from the main body. The satellite's orbit has allowed the team to determine the parent object's mass: about a quarter that of Pluto.


Based on a quick look at the Spitzer observations of 2003 EL61, Brown believes that the infrared spectrum is dominated by water ice. "It looks much like [Pluto's moon] Charon," he notes.






Centaurus (Bezeh)




The despised sin-offering


Decan constellation to the Sign Bethulah.


Hebrew names for this constellation


Bezeh – the despised.


Asmeath – sin-offering


(An ancient Greek name for this constellation is Cheiron, which means, the pierced or who pierces).


Complimenting scriptures to this constellation


Isaiah 53:3 – He is despised (bazah) and rejected of men; a man of sorrows, and acquainted with grief: and we hid as it were our faces from Him; He was despised (bazah), and we esteemed Him not. (KJV)


Isaiah 53:10 – Yet it pleased the LORD to bruise Him; He hath put Him to grief: when thou shalt make His soul an offering for sin, He shall see His seed, He shall prolong His days, and the pleasure of the LORD shall prosper in His hand. (KJV)


Stars in Centaurus and the meaning of their names


Toliman (Alpha Centauri) – Toliman means the heretofore and hereafter marking Him as the one “which was, and which is, and which is to come (Rev. 1:8).  Toliman, also known as Alpha Centauri, is the closest star to our solar system.  It burns brightly in the skies of the Southern Hemisphere but is no longer visible throughout most of the Northern Hemisphere.  Toliman is the only star that is named and identified here.


If you are familiar with the constellations you will notice that we have made some drastic changes to this picture as it is much different than the Centaur (the horse-man) with the spear after the Greek mythology that most are familiar with.  This picture is more after the picture in the ancient Denderan zodiac.   In the Dendera zodiac, this figure is shown as a body of a man with a tail, and his head is the head of a lamb or calf of sacrifice.  Above the cow-man is a figure of a lamb.  A tail attached to figures in the Egyptian zodiacs means “this cometh.” 


We took the tail off of the figure as well as the cow or lamb head.  I believe this figure was perverted as such to look more like the Egyptian cow and bull gods Hathor and Aphis.  Michele Abraham did a lot of work on this one to get it right.  It is a picture of a man with a staff and a picture of a lamb’s head above him identifying him as the Lamb of God, the Sin-offering.  We put the head of a lamb here instead of a picture of a whole lamb as in the Dendera. 


Michele needed to poise him as such to make use of the star alignments and have room to put the Crux (Southern Cross) beneath him and between his legs.  In this picture of him with his staff, he looks like he is poised in a Kung Fu position ready to do battle with the adversary.  He dealt a lethal blow to the enemy’s head when he obeyed his Father and became the sacrifice of atonement for us all.  His Kung Fu is the ultimate.