Biblical Astronomy

March/April 2005


Editor – Robert Scott Wadsworth <> P.O. Box 2272, Oregon City, OR 97045

Phone (503) 655-7430 <> e-mail – <> Website –





Nehemia Gordon from Jerusalem Israel compiled the following Aviv Barley Reports on March 8 and March 11, 2005.


Aviv Found!“On Tuesday March 8, 2005 Aviv was found in Israel at Alon Junction and Ein Mabua near Jerusalem.  Large quantities of Aviv barley were found near Ein Mabua and smaller quantities near Alon Junction.  Ein Mabua is located 15 km east of Jerusalem.  The Aviv examination on March 8, 2005 started out as a field trip to teach Aviv Searchers about what to look for during the main Aviv Search on Thursday-Friday March 10-11, 2005.  During this preliminary examination we immediately found that the barley in the region was in an advanced stage of ripening.  The main Aviv Search, which will cover the Northern Negev and Jordan Valley regions, will still be carried out on March 10-11.  However, the vast quantities of Aviv Barley already located east of Jerusalem are enough to establish the coming month as the Month of the Aviv.  In light of this discovery, the New Moon on Friday March 11, 2005 will be the beginning of the coming Biblical year.  Chag HaMatzot (Feast of Unleavened Bread) will fall out on Saturday March 26, 2005 (begins at sunset on Friday March 25) and Shavuot (Feast of Weeks) will fall out on May 15, 2005. 


The following people participated in the Aviv examination on March 8, 2005:  Nehemia Gordon, Ruthanne Koch, Devorah Gordon, Glean Cain, Karl Bloodworth, Ferenc Illesy, Avi Marcus, Dina Marcus, Avi Gold, Terry Fehr and Yosef Ruach.”


Below are photos taken of the Aviv Barley discovery and examination on March 8, 2005 that are posted on the Karaite-Korner website along with more photos of that event at:



Barley field at Alon Junction on March 8, 2005



Examination of Barley at Ein Mabua on March 8


March 11 – “On March 11, 2005 Aviv barley was found in multiple locations in the Jordan Valley including Naomi Junction and Fatzael Junction.  The Aviv barley in the Alon and Ein Magua regions were re-examined for the benefit of new Aviv searchers who had not been present on the previous occasion.  One large field below the entrance to the town of Alon, which had previously contained patches of Aviv barley had advanced to a uniform state of Aviv.  Aviv barley was not found in the northern Negev on March 10.”


For information on the significance of the Aviv (Abib) Barley, see the April 2001 issue of Biblical Astronomy or go to the Karaite-Korner website at




Nehemia Gordon from Jerusalem, Israel compiled the following New Moon Report for March 2005 and the beginning of the First Month on the corrected Hebrew Calendar, the month of Aviv.


New Moon of the Aviv Sighted! – “On March 11, 2005 the New Moon marking the 1st day of the new Biblical year was sighted from Jerusalem.  The moon was first sighted at 18:00 by Karl Bloodworth followed by Ruthane Koch and Glean Cain.  The moon was also seen by Nehemia Gordon, Devorah Gordon, Ferenc Illesy, Melekh Ben Ya’aqov, Rivka Michaeli, and Avi Marcus; all of who saw the moon by 18:01.


Rosh Hashannah Sameach! (Happy New Year). 

A photo of the New Moon of the Aviv is posted at:”


Below are dates of the Spring Feasts for 2005 (CE) according to the corrected Hebrew Calendar.  (Aviv is also known as Nisan)


Aviv   1 - sunset March 11 to sunset March 12 - New Years Day (Biblical New Year)                                                         

Aviv 14 - sunset March 24 to sunset March 25 - Day of Preparation, Passover Lamb Slaughtered, Messiah Crucified 

Aviv 15 - sunset March 25 to sunset March 26 - First Day of Unleavened Bread

Aviv 21 - sunset March 31 to sunset April 1     - Seventh Day of Unleavened Bread


Pentecost (Shavuot) -   sunset May 14 to sunset May 15.



The next New Moon should be visible from Jerusalem near sunset on April 9, 2005.  Though some do not believe that it will become visible to the naked eye until April 10, 2005.  We shall see. 


The illustration below shows the crescent New Moon and Mercury as seen from the United States at 30 minutes after sunset on March 11, 2005.


Mercury March 2005 finder chart


Mercury made its best evening appearance of the year in early March.  It was brightest on March 1, but was still bright (brighter than any other star in the same area) and easy to find next to the crescent New Moon on the evening of March 11.


Chart 389 shows the position of the crescent New Moon and Mercury (Catab) in the constellation Pisces as seen from Jerusalem, Israel in the early evening of March 11, 2005.  This is an ecliptic view of the event.  Catab and the moon are seen in conjunction here (30 minutes after sunset).


Chart 389 – Conjunction of Catab and the New Moon of Aviv on March 11, 2005


That this crescent moon is the New Moon of Aviv makes this conjunction a unique event.  Especially since it occurred in the constellation Pisces, which has long been recognized as representing the nation of Israel (both houses).


The Hebrew name for Mercury is Catab, which means powerful, strong, who cometh.  Another Hebrew name for the planet is Cochab, which means coming as in a circle.  Catab also (in its astronomical portrayal) represents Gabriel the messenger angel who announces the one who cometh.  Here Catab is announcing along with the New Moon of the Aviv the beginning of a new Biblical year for Israel and for all who go by the Biblical calendar that Yahweh set up.


Yahweh’s calendar is a lunar/solar calendar in which months and days are not named after Roman gods.  In our culture we have become accustomed to using a solar calendar.  It is most difficult to schedule certain events without it.  But, we could certainly do without the names of Roman gods and rulers for the names of the months and days.  This will most likely be changed in the future.  Yahweh does not like His people to even speak the names of other gods (Exodus 23:13).  The same holds true for the names of the planets and other celestial objects.  I prefer the Hebrew names when they are known but I also use the popular Roman and Greek names since many reading my material are only familiar with those names.





The planet Zedek (Jupiter) will come into opposition on April 2, 2005.  When an outer planet comes into opposition it is on the exact other side of Earth that the sun is on, or 180 degrees from the sun as viewed from Earth.  At this time the planet in opposition is also at its closest approach to the earth for the year and is shining at its brightest magnitude for the year. 


Zedek (or Tsedeq) means just, true, righteous and in its astronomical portrayals represents the just, true and righteous Yahweh and his son Yahshua the Messiah.  It is from the root of Zedek that we get the word Melchizedek (Psalms 110:4) or Melchisedec (Heb. 5:6, 10, 6:20, 7:1, 10, 11, 15, 17).  Yahshua is a Priest forever after the order of Melchizedek.


Chart 390 shows the position of Zedek in the constellation Bethulah (Virgo) at the time of its opposition on April 2, 2005.  The planet will be shining at a bright –2.46 magnitude at that time.  Zedek has been and is shining very brightly in the evening sky all month.  It is the brightest object other than the moon in the evening sky at this time.


Chart 390 – The position of Zedek in Bethulah at the time of its opposition


As shown on Chart 390, at the time of opposition, Zedek will be in conjunction with the womb of Bethulah.  It will be in the same area as the sun was in at the time when Yahshua was born.  The constellation Bethulah represents the Promised Seed of the Woman who is Messiah, and also represents the faithful of Israel.  The twelve stars above her head as mentioned in Revelation 12 are actually the twelve signs of the Mazzaroth (Zodiac) including Bethulah, and represent the Twelve Tribes of Israel.


This is another unique sign in the heavens for Jupiter to reach its brightest magnitude for the year when it is in this position in the constellation Bethulah.




On April 8, 2005 there will be an annular total eclipse of the sun.  The total eclipse will only be visible from the southern Pacific Ocean to Central America and the annular in parts of Panama, Columbia, and Venezuela.  This will show as a partial solar eclipse in portions of the southern United States.  This eclipse will not be visible from Israel.


Chart 391 shows the position of the sun and the moon in the constellation Pisces at the time of the solar eclipse.  The planet Nogah (Venus) the bright and morning star is just to the lower left of the sun and the moon during this time.


Chart 391 – Position of Sun and Moon in Pisces during the solar eclipse on April 8, 2005


The following article by Alan M. MacRobert is from the Sky & Telescope News website concerning this eclipse.


The April 8th Partial Solar Eclipse

 On April 8, 2005, the southern US (excluding the west coast) will catch the fringe of a solar eclipse that will be a much bigger show elsewhere. The center of the eclipse will alternate from annular to total and back to annular along a narrow path crossing the South Pacific and ending near sunset for parts of Panama, Colombia, and Venezuela. (Totality occurs at sea and at maximum lasts a mere 42 seconds.) In addition, Central America, the Caribbean, and parts of South America get a deeper and more spectacular partial eclipse than we northerners do. Of course, never look at the Sun — either with the naked eye or through an optical instrument — without a safe solar filter.


The illustration below shows how this solar eclipse may appear during its peak from certain areas that it will be visible from.  22:00 UT is the same as 5:00 pm Eastern Standard Time, 4:00pm Central, and 3:00 pm Mountain Standard Time.






There will be a Penumbral Lunar Eclipse on April 24, 2005 that will be visible in the early morning hours from North and South America and in the early evening hours from Australia and New Zealand.


A penumbral eclipse is when the outer shadow of the earth passes over the moon.  This is very difficult to see even to the trained eye and most of the time such an event passes with hardly anyone noticing.  I would not consider this a great sign in the heavens.


Chart 392 shows the position of the moon in the constellation Bethulah at the time of the eclipse. 


Char 392 – Position of the Moon in Bethulah at the time of the Penumbral Eclipse on April 24


Below is an article by Alan M. MacRobert that is from the Sky & Telescope website concerning this eclipse.


“An eclipse of the Moon can be the most dramatic celestial event that most people ever see. But not this time, and not just because it happens at an inconvenient hour. On Sunday morning, April 24, 2005, the full Moon will merely skim through the penumbra — the pale outer fringe — of Earth’s shadow.                      


The event will be visible before or during early dawn from central and western North America. The eclipse reaches its deepest point at 9:55 Universal Time, which is 4:55 a.m. Central Daylight Time, 3:55 a.m. Mountain Daylight Time, and 2:55 a.m. Pacific Daylight Time. Look for a slight shading on the Moon’s north-northeastern side. Weaker traces of the penumbra may be detectable for about an hour before and after this time.                                                 


The event will also be visible around dawn from Central America and western South America, around midnight of April 23–24 from Hawaii, and early on the evening of the 24th local date from Australia, New Zealand, and Japan.                                             


The Moon’s dimming is so slight during a penumbral eclipse because Earth blocks only part of the Sun’s brilliant face from shining onto the Moon’s surface. Nevertheless an eclipse is an eclipse, and here’s your chance to bag another one. Make a note to set your alarm clock.                                                


Lunar-eclipse lovers have been spoiled recently, what with a pair of total eclipses occurring in both 2003 and 2004. While there will be a brief partial lunar eclipse in October 2005 and September 2006, and another penumbral eclipse in early March 2006, the next total eclipse of the Moon will not take place until March 3, 2007.”


These eclipses in Pisces and Bethulah as well as the position of Zedek (Jupiter) at opposition in Bethulah and the conjunction of the New Moon of Aviv with Mercury in Pisces are unique in that they all occur in constellations that represent Israel during dates near and between the Spring Feasts of Yahweh.  However, I do not believe that they are “great” signs in the heavens that are portraying an imminent unfolding of events of large Biblical proportions at this time (but perhaps small Biblical proportions).  Of course, I could be wrong.  These are nowhere near as rare or visible or great as the signs that occurred during the Passover season of 1996, 1997 or 2000.


Yahweh bless you in His super-abundance of grace, mercy and love through His Son Yahoshua our Messiah.